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Gyan Mudra: Significance, How to Perform, Advantages & Precautions

Updated: May 27, 2023

Gyan Mudra is a hand gesture in yoga that is known as the "Mudra of knowledge" or the "seal of wisdom." It is used during meditation to help focus the mind and attain true knowledge. Mudras are specific hand positions that direct energy in the body.

Gyan Mudra

The Gyan Mudra is formed by touching the tip of the index finger to the tip of the thumb. This gesture represents the union of the individual soul with the supreme soul, symbolizing the attainment of wisdom over ignorance and leading to enlightenment. Throughout history, many enlightened beings have been depicted using this hand gesture to impart knowledge, such as the famous Buddhist gesture known as the Vitarka Mudra. It is said that even Sri Krishna used the Gyan Mudra while imparting the ultimate knowledge of the Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna during the Mahabharata War.

How to perform Gyan Mudra

To perform the Gyan Mudra, start by finding a comfortable meditative posture like Padmasana or Sukhasana, or sit on a chair with a straight spine. Rest your hands on your knees, palms facing upward, and gently stretch your fingers. Relax your fingers and bend the index finger to touch the thumb, creating a circular shape. Keep the other three fingers relaxed or slightly stretched. Close your eyes, focus on your breath entering and exiting through your nostrils, and gradually shift your attention to the third eye chakra.

It's important to note that when forming the Gyan Mudra, the thumb should not be bent towards the index finger. Instead, the index finger should approach the thumb tip. The thumb represents universal consciousness, while the index finger represents individual consciousness. By bending the index finger towards the thumb, the individual consciousness surrenders to the universal consciousness.

Gyan Mudra

Variations of the Gyan Mudra

  • Jnana Mudra: Touch the index finger inside the root of the thumb and keep the palm facing upward on the knees.

  • Chin Mudra: Form the Jnana Mudra and turn the palm facing downward on the knees.

  • Purna Gyan Mudra: Perform the Gyan Mudra with both hands. Keep the left hand on the left knee and lift the right hand in front of the chest.

  • Gyan Vairagya Mudra: Instead of placing the hands on the knees, place them on the thighs in the Gyan Mudra.

Ideal Time & Duration

According to research, to experience the therapeutic benefits of the Gyan Mudra, it is recommended to practice it for at least 45 minutes each day. If holding the mudra for an extended period is challenging, you can divide it into three shifts of 15 minutes each. Practising the mudra during pranayama breathing exercises like Kapalbhati and Ujjayi can also make it easier to maintain the mudra for a longer duration. Morning time is considered ideal for practising Gyan Mudra, followed by 15 minutes of Prana Mudra.

Science Behind Gyan Mudra

According to the Panch Tatva theory, the five fingers of our hand represent the five elements: fire, air, ether, earth, and water. In the Gyan Mudra, the air and fire elements combine when the index fingertip touches the thumb. This fusion of elements has a calming and focusing effect on the mind. The increased air element enhances the working of the nervous system and boosts memory, while the fire element stabilizes thoughts and balances the thinking process.

gyan mudra

Additionally, the Gyan Mudra stimulates acupressure points on the thumb, particularly those related to the Pituitary and Pineal glands. These glands regulate bodily functions and hormone secretion. The Pineal gland, often considered the centre of psychic powers, is also stimulated by the Gyan Mudra, which assists practitioners in attaining true knowledge and wisdom.

Benefits of Gyan Mudra

Gyan Mudra

  1. Enhanced Comprehension and Memory: Gyan Mudra empowers the air element, leading to improved comprehension, memory, and creative thinking.

  2. Sense of Security and Groundedness: This mudra instils a sense of security and removes fear, bringing balance to the root chakra.

  3. Strengthened Muscular System: Holding the fingers in Gyan Mudra strengthens the muscular system, promoting proper bodily movement, breathing, and digestion.

  4. Therapeutic Benefits: Gyan Mudra is beneficial in managing conditions such as insomnia, diabetes, Alzheimer's, and hypopituitarism. It directly affects the pituitary gland and the functioning of the nervous system.

  5. Aid in Overcoming Addiction: Gyan Mudra can assist in overcoming drug addiction by promoting clarity and inner strength.

  6. Balancing Vata Deficiency: Individuals with Vata deficiency, characterized by a decrease in the air element, can benefit from Gyan Mudra as it increases the air element and restores balance.

  7. Regulation of Hormones: Gyan Mudra stimulates the Pineal gland, which plays a crucial role in regulating endocrine glands. It can help manage conditions such as high blood pressure and water retention caused by hormonal changes.

Gyan Mudra Side Effects & Precautions

While Gyan Mudra offers numerous benefits, it is essential to exercise precautions and be aware of potential side effects. As Gyan Mudra primarily increases the air element, individuals experiencing gas problems or difficulty with food digestion should approach the mudra with caution.

Here are some precautions to consider while practising Gyan Mudra:

  1. Wear comfortable clothing to avoid any discomfort or distraction during the practice.

  2. If you have a Vata dosha, which is already characterized by an abundance of the air element, perform Gyan Mudra in moderation to prevent an imbalance.

In the realm of yoga and self-discovery, Gyan Mudra stands as a powerful tool for attaining knowledge, focus, and enlightenment. By gracefully intertwining the index finger and thumb, we embark on a journey of self-transcendence, uniting our consciousness with the vast expanse of universal wisdom. As we delve into the captivating world of Gyan Mudra, we unlock the doors to enhanced comprehension, memory, and creativity. With its profound benefits for the mind, body, and spirit, Gyan Mudra beckons us to embrace the path of knowledge and illumination.

Remember, it's always advisable to consult with a qualified yoga instructor or healthcare professional or contact us before incorporating any new practices into your routine, especially if you have any specific medical conditions or concerns.

Note: The information provided here is for educational purposes only and should not replace professional medical advice.

Read about all Hasta Mudras (Hand Mudras) : The Ancient Art of Hasta Mudras: Connecting Mind, Body, and Soul


What are the 5 elements of mudras?

  • Prithvi Mudra.

  • Varuna Mudra.

  • Prana mudra.

  • Vayu mudra.

  • Akasha mudra.

Which mudra is Buddha?

The Dharmachakra mudra is created by positioning the fingers and hands in a specific manner to evoke spiritual states and embodies the teachings of Buddha. The hands are held at chest level, with the thumbs touching the index fingers to form a wheel-like shape.

Is Namaste a mudra?

During yoga practice, the customary greeting is "Namaste," where you bring your hands together in front of your Heart Chakra in Prayer Mudra. Prayer Mudra, also called Anjali Mudra, represents the heart seal.

Which mudras are feminine?

Yoni mudra, a potent gesture for female energy, holds immense power in quieting the mind and tapping into feminine strength. "Yoni" refers to the womb, and this mudra is thought to evoke the serene and tranquil state reminiscent of being in our mother's womb.

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About the Author

Namaste! My name is Pooja Chauhan

I am a Yoga Alliance Certified Yoga Teacher and a practitioner. Diving deep into the realm of my own heritage to create a significant impact in preserving and sharing my culture with the world.

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