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Jathara Parivartanasana B (Belly Twist B) : Benefits & How to Perform

Jathara Parivartanasana, often referred to as Belly Twist, is a yoga pose that involves twisting the torso while lying down, providing a gentle massage to the abdominal organs and spine. "Jathara" translates to "stomach" or "abdomen" in Sanskrit, while "Parivartana" means "revolved" or "twisted."

The Sanskrit pronunciation of Jathara Parivartanasana is "jah-tah-rah pah-ree-vahr-tah-nah-suh-nuh."

Jathara Parivartanasana (Belly Twist)

This pose primarily targets the spine, abdomen, and hips. As you twist, you engage various muscles, including the obliques, rectus abdominis, and spinal erectors. Additionally, Jathara Parivartanasana improves spinal flexibility and enhances digestion by stimulating the abdominal organs.

How to Perform Jathara Parivartanasana B (Belly Twist B)

  1. Begin by lying on your back with arms extended to the sides, and palms facing down.

  2. Bend your knees and draw them towards your chest.

  3. Exhale and slowly drop both knees to the right side, keeping them stacked.

  4. Extend your left arm out to the side at shoulder height, palm facing up.

  5. Turn your head to the left and gaze towards your left hand, maintaining a relaxed neck.

  6. Hold the pose for 30 seconds to 1 minute, breathing deeply.

  7. Inhale and return to the center, then repeat on the opposite side.

Jathara Parivartanasana (Belly Twist)

When to Do It

Jathara Parivartanasana is best practiced in the morning or evening on an empty stomach. Avoid performing it immediately after meals to prevent discomfort.

Preparatory Poses

Include gentle twists and stretches like Ardha Matsyendrasana (Half Lord of the Fishes Pose) and Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose) to prepare the spine and abdomen for deeper twists.

Follow-Up Poses

After practicing Jathara Parivartanasana, follow up with gentle forward folds such as Paschimottanasana (Seated Forward Bend) to release any tension in the spine and promote relaxation.


This pose activates the Manipura (Solar Plexus) chakra, which governs self-confidence, personal power, and digestion. Twisting poses like Jathara Parivartanasana help to balance and stimulate this energy center.

Manipura (Solar Plexus) chakra


Recite the mantra "Ram" while practicing Jathara Parivartanasana to enhance the activation of the Solar Plexus chakra and cultivate inner strength and courage.

Alignment Cues

  • Keep both shoulders grounded on the mat.

  • Engage the core muscles to support the twist.

  • Maintain a relaxed facial expression and jaw.

  • Lengthen the spine with each inhalation and deepen the twist with each exhalation.

Duration of Hold

Hold Jathara Parivartanasana for 30 seconds to 1 minute on each side, gradually increasing the duration as your practice advances.


Direct your gaze towards the extended hand in the opposite direction of the twist, fostering concentration and balance.

Physical & Spiritual Awareness

Focus on the sensation of the twist, feeling the gentle compression and release in the abdomen and spine. Connect with your breath, allowing it to guide you deeper into the pose, both physically and spiritually.

Beginners’ Tips

  • Start with a gentle twist and gradually deepen the pose as your flexibility improves.

  • Use props like a yoga block or bolster under the knees for added support.

  • Listen to your body and avoid forcing the twist beyond your comfortable range of motion.

Who Should Not Do It

Avoid Jathara Parivartanasana if you have any recent or chronic injuries to the spine, hips, or abdomen. Pregnant women should also refrain from practicing this pose.

Who Should Do It

Individuals seeking to improve spinal flexibility, digestion, and overall well-being can benefit from practicing Jathara Parivartanasana. It is suitable for practitioners of all levels, with modifications available for those with specific needs.

Benefits of Jathara Parivartanasana (Belly Twist)

  1. Enhances spinal flexibility: The gentle twisting motion of Jathara Parivartanasana helps to increase flexibility in the spine, improving overall spinal health and mobility.

  2. Stimulates digestion: The twisting action in this pose stimulates the abdominal organs, including the digestive organs like the stomach and intestines, promoting healthy digestion and relieving digestive discomfort.

  3. Relieves tension in spine and hips: By gently stretching and releasing tension in the muscles along the spine and hips, Jathara Parivartanasana helps to alleviate stiffness and discomfort, especially after prolonged periods of sitting or standing.

  4. Massages abdominal organs: The twisting motion in this pose acts as a gentle massage for the abdominal organs, including the liver, kidneys, and spleen, helping to improve their function and promoting detoxification.

  5. Promotes relaxation: As you breathe deeply and surrender into the pose, Jathara Parivartanasana induces a sense of calm and relaxation, soothing the mind and reducing stress and anxiety.

Variations of Jathara Parivartanasana (Belly Twist)

Explore variations of this pose by extending the top leg straight instead of keeping it bent, or by clasping the hands together behind the head to deepen the twist.

Modifications for Jathara Parivartanasana (Belly Twist)

  • Place a bolster or rolled blanket under the knees for support.

  • Use a yoga strap around the top thigh to gently guide the twist.

  • Keep the bottom foot flat on the ground for added stability.

Common Mistakes

  1. Over-twisting: Avoid forcing the twist beyond your comfortable range of motion, as this can strain the spine and lead to injury.

  2. Collapsing Shoulders: Keep both shoulders grounded on the mat to maintain stability and prevent strain in the neck and shoulders.

  3. Holding the Breath: Remember to breathe deeply and evenly throughout the pose, allowing the breath to facilitate the twist and release tension.

  4. Tightening the Neck: Keep the neck relaxed and avoid straining to look towards the extended hand, ensuring a gentle stretch instead.

Safety and Precautions

  • Listen to your body and avoid pushing into pain or discomfort.

  • If you have any pre-existing medical conditions or injuries, consult with a qualified yoga instructor or healthcare professional before attempting this pose.

  • Pregnancy: Pregnant women should practice gentle twists with caution and seek guidance from a prenatal yoga instructor.

Additional Preparation Tips

  • Direction to Face: While practicing Jathara Parivartanasana, face towards the ceiling or sky to maintain proper alignment and openness in the chest.

  • Attire: Wear comfortable, stretchy clothing that allows for freedom of movement.

  • Suitable Place: Practice in a quiet, well-ventilated space with ample room to stretch out comfortably.

  • Essential Oil or Fragrance: Enhance your practice by diffusing calming essential oils like lavender or chamomile to create a relaxing atmosphere.

  • Music for This Pose: Play soft instrumental music or nature sounds to deepen your relaxation and concentration during the pose.

Jathara Parivartanasana offers a profound journey of self-discovery and healing, inviting you to embrace balance and harmony within. By practicing this pose mindfully and with intention, you can unlock the transformative power of twists, nurturing both body and soul. Remember to approach the pose with patience, kindness, and reverence for your unique journey. May your practice be a source of joy, peace, and inspiration as you continue to explore the depths of your being.

Happy yoga-ing, everyone! Namaste!

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About the Author

Namaste! I'm Pooja Chauhan

RYT 200Hrs | Meditation Coach 

Diving deep into the realm of yoga to revive its original teachings to create a significant impact in preserving and sharing them with the world.

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