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Bring It Back Into Balance - The Muladhara Chakra (Root Chakra)

Updated: Dec 11, 2023

The root chakra, located at the base of the spine in our subtle body, is the first of seven chakras. As the foundational chakra, it provides the energy that supports all the chakras above it. In Sanskrit, it is known as Muladhara, derived from the words "mula" meaning "root" and "adhara" meaning "support" or "base." This name signifies that the development of this chakra begins at conception, offering a supportive foundation for the growth of the spine and other body organs.

Root Chakra

When you experience a sense of instability in meeting your basic survival needs such as food and shelter, or when you find it difficult to trust anyone other than yourself, it suggests an issue with your root chakra. The root chakra is an instinctual energy centre. It is responsible for initiating everything necessary for our survival and growth on this earth, including a sense of safety and security (fight-flight or freeze response), our basic needs, and our emotional well-being. When these instinctual needs are fulfilled, the root chakra is balanced, resulting in a feeling of being grounded and safe.


The root chakra is responsible for various functions within our body:

  1. It establishes a solid foundation and provides grounding by nurturing the lower body parts such as the feet, legs, and hip flexors, in coordination with the minor chakras.

  2. Positioned at the mid-section of our body, the root chakra governs the functioning of skeletal bones, kidneys, colon, adrenal glands, bladder, and the arterial blood flow to the left chamber of the heart.

  3. The root chakra is located at the site where the dormant state of Kundalini energy resides. In spiritual terms, an awakened Kundalini or an open root chakra is seen as a gateway to higher energy.

  4. The Muladhara chakra possesses instinctual characteristics that influence our animal nature and is primarily influenced by the senses of smell and taste, which play a vital role in survival.


Where Is The Muladhara Chakra Located?

Root Chakra

The root chakra is situated at the base of the spine, specifically in the pelvic floor region where three vertebrae merge to form a triangular area. Within the subtle body, the root chakra resides at the centre of this compact region.

To identify the physical location of the root chakra, you can place your hands with your fingers pointing downward at the tailbone. The spot where the downward-pointing pinky finger touches the pelvic floor corresponds to the position of the root chakra.

In females, the root chakra is located in the centre of the anus and vagina, positioned posterior to the genital organs such as the cervix. In males, this chakra occupies the area above the perineum or may lie within it.


The Color of Root Chakra

The root chakra emits a vibrant red energy, which is attributed to its close association with the earth element. The red colour reflects the essence of the earth's inner surface and core.

The reason behind the red hue of the root chakra lies in its ability to stimulate the limbic system of the brain, which is responsible for vital survival behaviours such as feeding, reproduction, and the fight-or-flight response. Red symbolizes energy and determination, qualities that activate this crucial part of our brain.

Furthermore, the colour red signifies our connection to the earth and serves as an indicator of our self-awareness. A strong connection to the earth reflects a deep understanding of oneself. By cultivating self-awareness, we gain insight into the extent of our basic needs, which is a fundamental aspect of a balanced root chakra.


The symbol of Root Chakra

Symbol of Root Chakra

The root chakra symbol comprises four simple components: a downward-pointing triangle, a square, lotus petals, and the text "lam" at its centre.

The downward-pointing triangle serves as a reminder of the earth and the presence of Kundalini Shakti within this chakra. It signifies the importance of staying grounded and connected to the earth.

A square inscribed within a circle represents a strong foundation that supports everything. As the element of the root chakra is earth, it symbolizes the stability and grounding provided by this element.

The lotus flower with its four petals represents the connection between Nadis (energy channels) and chakras. It signifies the convergence of four Nadis at the root chakra. These four Nadis are represented by the Sanskrit syllables वं (vaṃ), शं (śaṃ), षं (ṣaṃ), and सं (saṃ).

The central text, "lam," corresponds to the "Bija Mantra" or seed mantra of the root chakra. Its sound has the ability to stimulate the earth element and thus activate the root chakra.

In some depictions of the root chakra symbol, an elephant picture is included within the square. The elephant symbolizes mother earth, bearing the weight and representing the inner strength associated with this chakra.


Characteristics of Balanced Root Chakra

To determine whether the root chakra is balanced, observe the following indicators:

  1. Abundant vitality and passion: A balanced root chakra fosters a sense of passion and enthusiasm in all aspects of life. You will feel energetic and responsible towards your work, family, and friends.

  2. Satisfaction with survival needs: When the root chakra is balanced, you experience a greater sense of contentment while striving to fulfil your basic survival needs.

  3. Alignment with core values: A balanced root chakra helps you stay grounded and connected to the fundamental values of life. You will have a strong sense of alignment with your core principles.

  4. Equilibrium between logic and emotion: A balanced root chakra enables you to maintain a harmonious balance between logical reasoning and emotional sensitivity in your actions and decisions.

  5. Fearlessness: Individuals with an aligned root chakra exhibit a fearless attitude and are prepared to face physical, financial, moral, and psychological challenges with courage.

Characteristics of Imbalanced Root Chakra

When root chakra happens to be out of balance, a sense of incompleteness and retreated from everything takes place in the person.

Imbalance in root chakra appears in two ways – under-activity and overactivity.


Underactive Root Chakra

If the root chakra is underactive and imbalanced, you may experience the following:


  • Instability: A sense of instability and insecurity pervades daily life.

  • Fear and Anxiety: Increased levels of fear and anxiety may manifest.

  • Lack of Connection: Feeling disconnected from the physical world and a diminished sense of belonging.

  • Financial Struggles: Difficulties in managing and maintaining financial stability.

  • Low Energy Levels: Experiencing persistent fatigue and low energy levels.

  • Impaired Focus: Difficulty concentrating and a scattered, unfocused mind.

  • Poor Discipline: Struggling with maintaining routine and discipline in various aspects of life.

  • Feeling Ungrounded: A pervasive sense of being ungrounded and untethered.

  • Strained Relationships: Interpersonal relationships may suffer due to a lack of trust and stability.

  • Resistance to Change: A strong resistance to change and an aversion to taking risks.

Overactive Root Chakra

If the root chakra is underactive and imbalanced, you may experience the following:


  1. Hyperactivity: Experiencing excessive, restless energy in the body and mind.

  2. Aggressiveness: Displaying heightened levels of aggression and impatience.

  3. Material Obsession: Overemphasis on material possessions and a constant desire for more.

  4. Workaholism: Obsessive focus on work and productivity, often at the expense of personal well-being.

  5. Controlling Behavior: A tendency to exert excessive control over oneself and others.

  6. Rigidity: Being inflexible and resistant to change or new ideas.

  7. Overindulgence: Engaging in excessive consumption, whether in food, material goods, or other pleasures.

  8. Obsession with Security: Constantly seeking security and stability, even to the point of being overly cautious.

  9. Stubbornness: Displaying stubborn behavior and resistance to alternative perspectives.

  10. Difficulty Letting Go: Struggling to release past traumas or attachments, leading to a sense of being stuck in the past.

What causes the root chakra imbalance?

An imbalance in the root chakra can occur due to past accidents or recurring activities that evoke fear. Childhood trauma can also contribute to an underactive root chakra.

Additionally, common causes of root chakra imbalance include:

  • Toxic relationships

  • Chronic illness

  • Early-age abuse

  • Intensifying fears

  • Relationship abandonment

  • Experiencing relative poverty

  • Lack of empathy towards family members.

Problems Caused by the Imbalanced Root Chakra

The root chakra has a strong connection to fear. When our basic needs and sense of security are challenged, we often experience fear and show signs of stress.

This can manifest physically as pain in the lower back, hips, legs, knees, and feet. Emotionally, it may lead to feelings of anxiety and aggression.


How to Balance Root Chakra?

Your root chakra is prone to imbalances as it serves as the bridge between yourself and the external world. While various external factors can influence it, simple practices can help restore balance.

If you're experiencing problems related to the root chakra, you can try the following practices:


Practice Meditation with Mantras and Mudras

When you feel ungrounded physically and psychologically, it can disturb the root chakra. Meditation not only connects you with your inner self but also helps establish a connection with the earth.

Choose a quiet place and follow this meditation practice to balance your root chakra:

  • Sit in a seated pose like Padmasana (lotus pose) and make the Gyan mudra or Earth mudra with your hands.

Padmasana (lotus pose) and Gyan mudra for Root Chakra
  • Focus your awareness on the physical location of the root chakra and imagine a connection forming between your pelvic floor and the earth.

  • To enhance the connection, chant the seed mantra "Lam" either aloud or silently. The vibrations from the mantra chanting stimulate the root energy, facilitating balance.

  • You can also meditate on the tip of your nose in a seated pose, as the nose is associated with the root chakra.

Ground Yourself with Yoga Poses

Physical exercise is another simple approach to balancing your root energy. Yoga asanas provide a balanced blend of ease and effort, making them an excellent alternative to regular physical exercises.

Try incorporating these yoga poses that focus on the energy associated with the root chakra: Pavanamuktasana (wind-relieving pose), Padmasana (lotus pose), Malasana (garland pose), Tadasana (mountain pose), and Virabhadrasana.

Practising these poses on green grass can enhance your connection to the ground, strengthen your lower legs and thighs, increase hip mobility, and relieve back pain.


Harness the Energy of Stones

Certain stones and crystals possess vibrations that can help restore balance to your root chakra. The root chakra resonates at the lowest frequency of 396Hz.

Here’s a list of stones and crystals for root chakra healing.

Black Obsidian for Root Chakra

Black Obsidian - Black Obsidian is a type of volcanic glass that forms when lava rapidly cools, resulting in a glossy black stone. It is believed to have the ability to assist individuals in letting go of negative emotions and fears, fostering a deeper connection with their primal energy. Due to its strong association with nature, Black Obsidian aids in grounding and calming individuals who wear it, thereby helping to balance the root chakra.


Smoky Quartz for Root Chakra

Smoky Quartz- Smokey Quartz is a type of quartz with a translucent appearance and a dark, opaque brownish interior, resembling a captured shadow at its centre. This crystal is known for its ability to filter out negativity and facilitate the entrance of positive thoughts into our consciousness. With its cleansing properties and protective energies, Smokey Quartz is commonly used in home smudging rituals and for healing the root chakra.

Root Chakra - Lapis Lazuli

Lapis Lazuli - Lapis Lazuli is a stone of deep blue colour that has been revered for its spiritual properties and mystical significance since ancient times. It is believed that Lapis

Lazuli can assist in attaining spiritual enlightenment and awakening. With its profound blue hue, Lapis Lazuli is particularly associated with the throat chakra. It aids in alleviating sensations of loneliness and isolation by awakening one's intuition and enhancing psychic abilities.


Red Jasper for Root Chakra

Red Jasper- Red Jasper displays a warm and earthy red colour that is thought to provide a sense of security and grounding to individuals. It is commonly worn as a protective stone, believed to guard against negative influences and malevolent energies. Red Jasper is also believed to assist in the release of negative energy from the body and promote the stimulation of the immune system. Jasper stones encompass various colours, including brown jasper and black jasper, offering a range of options to choose from.

Tigers Eye for root Chakra

Tigers Eye - Tiger's Eye is a gemstone characterized by its yellow and brown hues, known for its association with masculine energy, physical strength, and courage. This protective stone is believed to enhance the flow of energy to both the root and sacral chakras, promoting grounding and balance in the wearer. Tiger's Eye also supports physical stability and works to dispel feelings of insecurity.

Moss Agate for Root Chakra

Moss Agate - Moss Agate is a stone characterized by its milky white appearance with dark green layers reminiscent of moss. It is believed that Moss Agate contributes to the enhancement of stability and self-confidence in individuals, while also assisting in the release of emotional blockages and dispelling fears. This earthy stone is strongly connected to mother nature and has a particular affinity for the base chakras.

Black Tourmaline for root Chakra

Black Tourmaline - Black Tourmaline is a gemstone of black colour known for its reputed ability to absorb negative energy, helping individuals maintain a clear and centred state of mind during conflicts or challenging situations. It is also believed to foster self-worth and confidence. Black Tourmaline is frequently utilized in talismans as a means of protection against negative forces.


Nourish Yourself with Green Vegetables

Since a deficiency in the root chakra can arise from a lack of interaction with the earth, incorporating green and root vegetables into your diet can aid in its restoration. Some examples of these vegetables include beets, onions, garlic, tomatoes, potatoes, carrots, radishes, and beetroot.


Root Chakra Affirmations

Affirmations are an effective method to enhance confidence and promote relaxation before sleep. Here are some affirmations to empower your Muladhara:

  1. I am secure and protected.

  2. I create a nurturing and comfortable home wherever I am.

  3. Life abundantly provides all that I require.


By including these practices in your routine, you can help restore balance to your root chakra and promote overall well-being.

It is not hard to say when or how your Root Chakra gets out of alignment. Each state represents its different symptoms and causes. All you can do is focus inwards to stay grounded and vibrant. This state can only be achieved through Meditation, Correct Mudras, wearing suitable Stones, and following earthly red foods.



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About the Author

Namaste! My name is Pooja Chauhan

I am a Yoga Alliance Certified Yoga Teacher and a practitioner. Diving deep into the realm of my own heritage to create a significant impact in preserving and sharing my culture with the world.

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