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Mountain Pose (Tadasana): Grounding the Spirit, Embracing Strength

In the bustling world we live in, finding moments of stillness and grounding becomes increasingly important. One powerful way to achieve this is through Mountain Pose or Tadasana. This foundational yoga posture not only strengthens our physical body but also cultivates a sense of inner stability and connection to the earth. Let's dive into the beauty and benefits of Mountain Pose, along with step-by-step instructions, variations, modifications, and more.

Mountain Pose (Tadasana)

At first glance, Mountain Pose or Samasthiti may appear simple, but its significance goes beyond its external form. Tadasana derives its name from the Sanskrit words "tada" meaning "mountain" and "asana" meaning "pose" or "posture." Just as a majestic mountain stands tall and firm amidst the chaos of the world, Tadasana allows us to tap into our inner strength and embrace our innate stability.

Mountain Pose symbolizes our connection with the earth, grounding us in the present moment. Like a mountain, we become rooted in our authenticity, unwavering in the face of life's challenges. As we stand tall in Tadasana, we embody grace, poise, and resilience, inviting a sense of tranquility and balance into our lives.

How to Perform Mountain Pose (Tadasana)

  1. Begin by standing at the top of your mat with your feet hip-width apart, toes pointing forward.

  2. Distribute your weight evenly across both feet, grounding them into the floor.

  3. Engage your thigh muscles and lift your kneecaps gently, avoiding hyperextension.

  4. Lengthen your tailbone toward the floor, engaging your core to support your lower back.

  5. Relax your shoulders, rolling them back and down, allowing your chest to open.

  6. Extend your arms alongside your body, palms facing inward, fingers gently spread.

  7. Lift the crown of your head toward the sky, elongating your spine.

  8. Soften your gaze, finding a point ahead of you, and breathe deeply, anchoring yourself in the present moment.

  9. Maintain this posture for 5-10 breaths or as long as feels comfortable.

  10. To release, gently lower your arms, and step out of the pose with grace and awareness.

Mountain Pose (Tadasana)

When to Do It

Mountain Pose can be practiced at any time of the day. It serves as an excellent starting point for your yoga practice, helping you establish a strong foundation and connect with your breath. Additionally, incorporating Tadasana into your daily routine can provide moments of calm amidst the busyness of life, allowing you to recharge and find balance.

Preparatory Poses

While Mountain Pose can be practiced on its own, incorporating some preparatory poses can help warm up the body and enhance the experience. Consider practicing the following poses before moving into Tadasana:

  1. Standing Forward Fold (Uttanasana): This pose stretches the hamstrings and helps release tension in the back and neck.

  2. Standing Side Stretch: This lateral stretch opens the sides of the body and prepares you for the vertical alignment of Mountain Pose.

  3. Neck Rolls: Gently rolling your neck in circular motions helps release any tension in the neck and shoulders.

Follow-up Poses

After practicing Mountain Pose, it's beneficial to transition into other poses that build upon the foundation it establishes. Consider incorporating the following poses into your practice:

  1. Forward Fold (Uttanasana): This pose continues the grounding and stretching of the legs while folding deeper into the forward bend.

  2. Tree Pose (Vrikshasana): Transitioning from the stability of Mountain Pose, Tree Pose challenges your balance and strengthens the legs.

  3. Warrior Poses (Virabhadrasana I, II, and III): These poses build strength, stability, and focus while expanding your range of motion.


Mountain Pose connects primarily with the Root Chakra, also known as Muladhara. This energetic center, located at the base of the spine, represents our sense of stability, grounding, and connection to the earth. Practicing Tadasana helps activate and balance this chakra, fostering a sense of safety, security, and overall well-being.

Root Chakra - Muladhara


While practicing Mountain Pose, you may choose to focus on a specific mantra that resonates with you. One powerful mantra for Tadasana is:

"I am grounded, stable, and connected to the Earth. I stand tall in my authenticity, embracing my inner strength."

Alignment Cues

To enhance your practice and ensure proper alignment in Mountain Pose, keep the following cues in mind:

  • Feet: Ground them evenly, maintaining a slight lift in the arches.

  • Knees: Softly engage the thigh muscles and avoid locking the knees.

  • Pelvis: Tuck the tailbone slightly to lengthen the lower back and engage the core.

  • Shoulders: Roll them back and down, allowing the chest to open.

  • Spine: Lengthen the crown of the head toward the sky, elongating the entire spine.

  • Arms: Extend them alongside the body with palms facing inward and fingers gently spread.

  • Gaze: Soften your gaze, finding a point ahead of you to maintain focus and balance.

Duration of Hold

Mountain Pose can be held for as long as you desire. It serves as a resting pose, allowing you to connect with your breath, ground yourself, and find stability. Begin with 5-10 breaths and gradually increase the duration as your practice progresses.


In Mountain Pose, maintaining a drishti, or a focused gaze, helps improve concentration and balance. Choose a point ahead of you, at eye level or slightly higher, and allow your gaze to rest there. Softening your gaze enhances the inward journey, promoting a sense of introspection and mindfulness.

Physical & Spiritual Awareness

Mountain Pose offers a multitude of physical and spiritual benefits. Let's explore how practicing Tadasana can enhance your overall well-being:

Physical Awareness:

  • Strengthens the legs, ankles, and feet

  • Improves posture and alignment

  • Increases stability and balance

  • Stretches and elongates the spine

  • Relieves tension in the shoulders and neck

  • Promotes proper breathing and lung capacity

Spiritual Awareness:

  • Cultivates a sense of grounding and stability

  • Enhances self-awareness and mindfulness

  • Invokes a feeling of strength and resilience

  • Connects us with the energy of the earth and nature

  • Encourages stillness and introspection

Beginners' Tips

If you're new to Mountain Pose, here are some tips to help you get started:

  1. Start with a firm foundation: Ground your feet evenly and feel the connection with the earth beneath you.

  2. Be mindful of your breath: Take slow, deep breaths, focusing on inhaling and exhaling with intention.

  3. Practice near a wall or mirror: This can help you assess your alignment and make necessary adjustments.

  4. Modify as needed: If you have difficulty maintaining balance, stand near a wall for support or widen your stance slightly.

  5. Be patient with yourself: Remember that each practice is unique, and progress comes with time and consistent effort.

Who Should Not Do It

While Mountain Pose is generally safe for most individuals, there are a few exceptions. If you have the following conditions or concerns, it's best to avoid or modify Tadasana:

  1. Recent or chronic injuries to the legs, knees, or ankles.

  2. Low blood pressure or dizziness.

  3. Migraine or severe headache.

  4. Insomnia or sleep disorders.

  5. Pregnancy (without modifications) or recently given birth.

Always consult with a qualified yoga teacher or healthcare professional if you have any specific concerns or health conditions before attempting Mountain Pose.

Who Should Do It

Mountain Pose is suitable for individuals of all ages and fitness levels. Whether you're a beginner or an experienced yogi, practicing Tadasana can bring immense benefits to your body, mind, and spirit. It serves as a foundation for other poses and can be integrated into any yoga sequence or daily routine.

Benefits of Mountain Pose (Tadasana)

The beauty of Mountain Pose lies in its simplicity, yet it offers a wide range of benefits:

  1. Physical Strength: Tadasana strengthens the legs, ankles, and feet, improving overall stability and balance.

  2. Posture Alignment: Regular practice of Mountain Pose helps improve posture and spinal alignment, relieving strain on the back and neck.

  3. Mental Clarity: Standing tall in Tadasana cultivates focus, clarity, and a sense of presence, allowing the mind to find stillness and peace.

  4. Grounding and Stability: This pose fosters a deep connection with the earth, promoting a sense of grounding, stability, and security.

  5. Body Awareness: By aligning the body and bringing awareness to every part, Tadasana enhances overall body awareness and proprioception.

  6. Confidence and Inner Strength: Embodying the strength and poise of a mountain, this pose boosts self-confidence and nurtures inner strength.

  7. Breath Awareness: Mountain Pose encourages proper breathing techniques, expanding lung capacity and improving respiratory function.

  8. Mind-Body Connection: By integrating breath, alignment, and intention, Tadasana nurtures a harmonious connection between mind and body.

Variations of Mountain Pose (Tadasana)

While Mountain Pose can be practiced in its traditional form, here are a few variations that you can explore to deepen your practice:

Utthita Tadasana (Five-Pointed Star Pose)

Five-Pointed Star Pose represents the expansive energy of the universe and our connection to it. It is a grounding and empowering posture that encourages a sense of openness and strength, reminding us of our own divine nature.

How to do it:

  1. Stand tall with your feet wide apart, toes pointing slightly outward.

  2. Extend your arms out to the sides, parallel to the ground.

  3. Root down through your feet, feeling a sense of stability and grounding.

  4. Engage your core muscles, drawing your navel in towards your spine.

  5. Lift through the crown of your head, elongating your spine.

  6. Relax your shoulders and open your chest, allowing your heart to shine.

  7. Soften your gaze and breathe deeply, finding a sense of inner calm and presence.

  8. Hold the pose for several breaths, embracing the power and grace within you.

  9. To release, gently lower your arms and bring your feet back together.

Utthita Tadasana (Five-Pointed Star Pose)

Tiryaka Tadasana (Swaying Palm Tree Pose)

Tiryaka Tadasana is a variation of Mountain Pose that incorporates a gentle side bend, opening up the sides of the body and promoting flexibility and balance.

How to do it:

  1. Stand tall in Mountain Pose, grounding your feet and lengthening your spine.

  2. Inhale deeply and raise your arms overhead, palms facing each other.

  3. Exhale and gently bend your upper body to one side, keeping your feet firmly rooted.

  4. Maintain a strong core and avoid collapsing or leaning forward.

  5. Inhale to return to the center and repeat on the other side.

  6. Engage your breath and find a comfortable rhythm as you move through the pose.

Tiryaka Tadasana (Swaying Palm Tree Pose)

Urdhva Hastasana Tadasana (Extended Mountain Pose)

Urdhva Hastasana Tadasana combines Mountain Pose with an upward stretch of the arms, promoting expansion and a sense of upliftment.

How to do it:

  1. Begin in Mountain Pose, standing with your feet hip-width apart and arms resting alongside your body.

  2. Inhale deeply and raise your arms overhead, extending them toward the sky.

  3. Keep your shoulders relaxed and lengthen your spine, creating space between the vertebrae.

  4. Lift your gaze, directing it upward or slightly forward.

  5. Feel the stretch and extension through your entire body, from your fingertips to your toes.

  6. Hold the pose for a few breaths, maintaining a sense of stability and strength.

Urdhva Hastasana Tadasana (Extended Mountain Pose)

Paschima Namaskar Tadasana (Standing Reverse Prayer Pose)

Paschima Namaskar Tadasana combines Mountain Pose with a prayer-like hand position behind the back, promoting heart opening and a sense of surrender.

How to do it:

  1. Stand tall in Mountain Pose, grounding your feet and elongating your spine.

  2. Take a deep breath and interlace your fingers behind your back, pressing your palms together.

  3. Roll your shoulders back and down, opening your chest and heart center.

  4. Maintain a gentle lift of your chin and a soft gaze forward.

  5. Feel the stretch in your shoulders, chest, and upper back.

  6. Breathe deeply, embracing a sense of openness and release.

Paschima Namaskar Tadasana (Standing Reverse Prayer Pose)

Paschima Baddha Namaskar Tadasana (Mountain Pose with Arms Bound)

Paschima Baddha Namaskar Tadasana combines Mountain Pose with a bound hand position behind the back, promoting a deeper shoulder and chest opening.

How to do it:

  1. Start in Mountain Pose, grounding your feet and lengthening your spine.

  2. Take a deep breath and bring your arms behind your back, bending your elbows.

  3. Clasp your hands together, or use a strap to hold onto if needed.

  4. Gently draw your shoulder blades together and lift your chest.

  5. Maintain a relaxed neck and soft gaze forward.

  6. Feel the stretch across your chest, shoulders, and upper arms.

  7. Breathe deeply, embracing a sense of expansion and connection.

Paschima Baddha Namaskar Tadasana (Mountain Pose with Arms Bound)

Gomukhasana Tadasana (Standing Cow Face Pose)

Gomukhasana Tadasana combines Mountain Pose with the arm position of the Cow Face Pose, enhancing shoulder and upper body flexibility.

How to do it:

  1. Stand tall in Mountain Pose, grounding your feet and aligning your spine.

  2. Extend your right arm out to the side, parallel to the ground.

  3. Bend your right elbow and bring your hand behind your head, palm facing downward.

  4. Reach your left arm down and behind your back, palm facing outward.

  5. Try to clasp your fingers or use a strap if necessary.

  6. Lift your chest and gently draw your shoulder blades toward each other.

  7. Maintain a relaxed neck and a soft gaze forward.

  8. Breathe deeply, feeling the stretch in your shoulders and upper arms.

  9. Repeat the same on the other side.

Gomukhasana Tadasana (Standing Cow Face Pose)

Urdhva Baddha Hastasana Tadasana (Mountain Pose with Bound)

Urdhva Baddha Hastasana Tadasana combines Mountain Pose with the interlocking of the fingers overhead, promoting a sense of expansion and energetic flow.

How to do it:

  1. Begin in Mountain Pose, standing tall with your feet hip-width apart.

  2. Inhale deeply and interlock your fingers, turning your palms upward.

  3. Extend your arms overhead, keeping your shoulders relaxed.

  4. Lengthen your spine and gently arch your upper back.

  5. Lift your gaze and look upward, feeling the stretch and openness in your chest.

  6. Maintain a strong foundation through your feet and engage your core.

  7. Breathe deeply, allowing the energy to flow through your body.

Urdhva Baddha Hastasana Tadasana (Mountain Pose with Bound)

Modifications for Mountain Pose (Tadasana)

Everybody is unique, and modifications can be applied to suit individual needs or physical limitations. Here are a few modifications for Mountain Pose:

  1. Using a Wall: If you have difficulty maintaining balance, stand with your back against a wall, allowing the wall to support you. This modification provides stability and support, allowing you to focus on alignment and breath.

  2. Wider Stance: If you have difficulty engaging your core or maintaining balance, try widening your stance slightly. This modification creates a more stable base and can alleviate strain on the lower back.

  3. Use Props: Place a block or folded blanket beneath your heels if you have tight calves or limited ankle flexibility. This modification can help you find a more comfortable alignment in the pose.

  4. Gentle Knee Bend: If you have knee issues or find it challenging to straighten your legs fully, you can maintain a gentle bend in your knees. This modification reduces stress on the joints while still providing the benefits of the pose.

Common Mistakes

To get the most out of your Mountain Pose practice and avoid potential injuries, be mindful of these common mistakes:

  1. Locked Knees: Avoid hyperextending or locking your knees. Keep a slight micro-bend in the knees to engage the leg muscles and maintain stability.

  2. Rounded Shoulders: Be conscious of rolling your shoulders forward. Instead, gently draw your shoulder blades back and down, opening your chest.

  3. Collapsed Arches: Pay attention to your foot alignment and avoid collapsing your arches. Press evenly through all four corners of your feet, distributing the weight.

  4. Excessive Backbend: While a gentle backward tilt of the pelvis is beneficial, avoid overarching your lower back excessively, which can strain the lumbar spine.

  5. Tension in the Neck: Relax your neck and avoid tensing or jutting your chin forward. Keep your neck in line with your spine, maintaining a neutral position.

Safety and Precautions

While Mountain Pose is generally safe for most individuals, it's essential to keep the following safety guidelines in mind:

  1. Listen to Your Body: Honor your body's limits and avoid pushing beyond what feels comfortable. Discontinue the pose if you experience pain or discomfort.

  2. Work Within Your Range: Focus on proper alignment rather than achieving extreme ranges of motion. Gradually work toward deeper variations as your body allows.

  3. Warm-Up: Before practicing Tadasana, warm up your body with gentle stretches or other preparatory poses to prepare the muscles and joints.

  4. Consult a Professional: If you have any specific health concerns or injuries, consult with a qualified yoga teacher or healthcare professional before attempting Mountain Pose.

Additional Preparation Tips

To enhance your experience of practicing Mountain Pose, consider the following preparation tips:

Direction to Face While Doing This Pose and Why: In Mountain Pose, face east if possible. This direction symbolizes new beginnings, inspiration, and the rising sun. Facing east aligns with the symbolism of a fresh start, offering a sense of rejuvenation and positivity as you begin your practice.

What to Wear for This Pose: Wear comfortable clothing that allows you to move freely and doesn't restrict your range of motion. Opt for breathable fabrics that wick away moisture, keeping you comfortable throughout your practice.

Suitable Place and Essential Oil or Fragrance: Find a peaceful and clutter-free space for your practice. Choose a clean, well-ventilated area where you can stand comfortably and have enough room to extend your arms. To enhance your experience, consider incorporating essential oils or fragrances known for their grounding properties, such as lavender, sandalwood, or cedarwood. These scents can create a calming atmosphere and deepen your connection to the present moment.

Music for This Pose: Playing soft and soothing instrumental music or nature sounds can help create a serene ambiance during your Mountain Pose practice. Choose music that resonates with your personal taste and evokes a sense of tranquility and inner peace.

Mountain Pose, or Tadasana, reminds us to stand tall, embodying the strength and stability of a mountain. This simple yet profound posture has the power to ground us, both physically and spiritually, providing a strong foundation for our yoga practice and daily lives. Through Tadasana, we learn to find balance, foster self-awareness, and embrace our inner strength. So, take a moment to step onto your mat, root yourself into the earth, and let the spirit of the mountain guide you toward a deeper sense of peace and connection within yourself.

Happy yoga-ing, everyone!


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About the Author

Namaste! I'm Pooja Chauhan

RYT 200Hrs | Meditation Coach 

Diving deep into the realm of yoga to revive its original teachings to create a significant impact in preserving and sharing them with the world.

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